Medical Treatment for Heart Valve Disease

Medical Treatment Options

Medical treatment is available for heart valve disease.

If you’re diagnosed with heart valve disease, your doctor may prescribe medication for you. This medication may help relieve symptoms and decrease the risk of further damage to your heart.

Your doctor may prescribe medicines to:

  • Treat heart failure. Heart failure medicines widen blood vessels and rid the body of excess fluid. Heart failure means the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.
  • Lower high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol. “Blood pressure” is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps. If this pressure rises and stays high over time, it can harm the body in many ways. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that’s found in all cells of the body. People who have high blood cholesterol have a greater chance of getting heart disease.
  • Treat coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD medicines can reduce your heart's workload and relieve symptoms. In coronary heart disease (CHD), a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries bring oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. If the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle is reduced or blocked, you could have chest pain or a heart attack.
  • Prevent arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). During an arrhythmia, the heart can beat too fast, too slow, or with an irregular rhythm. Some arrhythmias can be extremely serious. During an arrhythmia, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body. Lack of blood flow can damage the brain, heart, and other organs.
  • Thin the blood and prevent clots (if you have a man-made replacement valve). These medicines also are prescribed for mitral stenosis or other valve defects that raise the risk of blood clots.